Electricity Crisis in Pakistan


Today, Pakistan is faced with several challenges; electricity crisis being a primary concern. Our lives depend entirely on the usage of electricity. Everything from running household chores to the running of the economy depends on electricity. Unfortunately, the country is facing a dearth of this invaluable commodity. Pakistan is faced with a18 hour electricity outage due to which there has been a sharp decline in business activities.

The main causes of electricity crisis in Pakistan have been identified as circular debt, the insufficient capacity of electricity production and its distribution. Further, there are cheaper alternatives of electricity production. There is a need to explore the proposed alternatives rather than stick with the fossil fuel energy plants. The causes of acute shortage of electricity in Pakistan are:

  • Lack of Energy Conservation Program: Wastage of energy is a serious problem and if this is kept in check, then this problem can be controlled to quite an extent. Currently, the elite class is consuming maximum energy even with prior knowledge and understanding. When we talk about high rate of illiteracy and the masses not paying heed to its proper and careful usage. However, what we see is that the elite class is using it for its luxury. The need of the hour is energy conservation programs.
  • Cost of Fuel: The high cost of fuel i.e. the price of crude has increased from $40 to $140 a barrel. This obscene rise in cost means that the thermal source of production is resulting in exorbitant prices. As WAPDA and KESC procure energy on high cost, hence, they will sell it at a higher price too. The viable solution is to increase the energy cost. The government will need to monitor the theft of electricity and make sure it doesn’t prevail.

  • Monopoly: WAPDA and KESC have a monopoly in this business. The private sector should be given the permission to install power plant. Through this way rates will be decided on a competitive basis and moreover constant power supply will be ensured.
  • Coal Usage: Pakistan is blessed with abundant amount of coal. This alternative to use cola for power generation will prove feasible in the long run. Plus it will cater to the ever increasing demand.

Electricity Crisis in Pakistan


Discussion · 9 Comments

There are 9 responses to "Electricity Crisis in Pakistan".
  1. Arshad Naushahi says:

    06/11/2012 at 12:53 pm

    breathing dead bodies of Pakistani nation

  2. Adil shahzad says:

    09/24/2012 at 4:00 pm

    We have great number of resources,if our Elders utilize it honestly which are coal,natural,uranium and abundant capacity of hydropower,that can make us free forever from this trouble.

  3. Adil shahzad says:

    09/24/2012 at 4:01 pm

    We have great number of resources,if our Elders utilize it honestly
    which are coal,natural gas,uranium and abundant capacity of hydropower,that
    can make us free forever from this trouble.

  4. Hawa says:

    12/04/2012 at 4:16 pm

    nice essay but can do better

  5. Awam says:

    04/12/2013 at 7:10 pm

    Not solution

  6. Noor says:

    11/29/2013 at 6:26 am

    • Over Population
    • Misuse of available Resources
    • Fewer Dams
    • Power Theft
    • Line Losses
    • Lack of sincere leadership
    • Increasing price of oil in International Market
    • Little deployment of unconventional energy resources or Green source of producing Electricity
    • Mismanagement of Electricity Suppliers
    • Defective policies by Government such as Rental Power Plant
    • Number of Power Generation plants went out order
    • Lack of expansion and upgradation of power plants
    • Growing urbanization and changes in the pattern of life
    • The low rainfall in this summer also reduced the water in the dams.

    • fakher amin says:

      06/09/2014 at 8:08 am

      i am so thankful to you ,your comment helped me so much in my research because you described all the causes in a so short form. wish you live long and successful.tanx again.

  7. Shafiq Ur Rehman says:

    02/07/2014 at 9:41 am

    Main causes of short-fall in Pakistan are:
    1. Electricity Pilferage
    2. Line Losses

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